• Cochlear Implants

    What is a Cochlear Implant?

    According to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, “a cochlear implant is a small, complex electronic device that can help to provide a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of-hearing.” Cochlear implants are not the same as hearing aids; they bypass damaged portions of the ear and directly stimulate the auditory nerve (NIDCD, March 2011).

    The FDA approved the cochlear implant for children in 1995, and for 12-month-old babies in 2000.

    Click here and here to read more about the cochlear implant.

    Facts on Cochlear Implants:

    • Approximately 70,000 people worldwide have cochlear implants.1
    • Approximately 25,000 people in the United States have cochlear implants.2
    • Nearly half of all cochlear implant recipients are children.3
    • Cochlear implants can help an estimated 200,000 children in the United States who do not benefit from hearing aids.4
    • The demand for cochlear implants is increasing annually by 20%.5
    • Approximately 250 hospitals across the country perform cochlear implant procedures.6
    • A recent study on cochlear implants demonstrated that special education in elementary school is less necessary when children have had “greater than two years of implant experience” before starting school. These children are mainstreamed at twice the rate or more of age-matched children with profound hearing loss who do not have implants7
    • The benefits of a cochlear implant to society amount to a lifetime savings of $53,198 per child.8
    • By the time a child with hearing loss graduates from high school, as much as $420,000 can be saved in special education costs if the child is identified and given appropriate early intervention.9

    Do you have a question about cochlear implants?

    Check out various highly informative and personal user forums and blogs:

    Cochlear Implant Online
    CI Circle
    Deaf Village
    Hearing Exchange
    Nucleus Forum

    Cochlear Implant Manufacturers:

    Advanced Bionics
    Cochlear Americas
    Med-El

    Manufacturers’ Communities:

    Advanced Bionics’ Hearing Journey
    Cochlear Awareness Network
    Med-El’s Hear Peers Community


    References:

    • 1National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, www.nidcd.nih.gov
    • 2National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, www.nidcd.nih.gov
    • 3National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, www.nidcd.nih.gov
    • 4Andre K. Cheng,Haya R. Rubin,Neil R. Powe,Nancy K. Mellon,Howard W. Francis,John K. Niparko, “Cost-Utility Analysis of the Cochlear Implant in Children,” Journal of the American Medical Association Vol. 284, No. 7 (2000): pp 850-856
    • 5M. Bernice Dinner, “Medicaid Coverage and Payment for Cochlear Implants and Associated Professional Services,” presented at a Congressional briefing on November 15, 2000.
    • 6Cochlear Corporation, www.cochlear.com
    • 7Howard W. Francis, Marcy E. Koch, Robert Wyatt, John K. Niparko, “Trends in Educational Placement and Cost-Benefit Considerations in Children With Cochlear Implants,” Archives of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Vol. 125 (1999): pp 499-505.
    • 8Andre K. Cheng,Haya R. Rubin,Neil R. Powe,Nancy K. Mellon,Howard W. Francis,John K. Niparko, “Cost-Utility Analysis of the Cochlear Implant in Children,” Journal of the American Medical Association Vol. 284, No. 7 (2000): pp 850-856
    • 9National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management, www.infanthearing.org